FIRST TEST TUBE BABY IN INDIA
Kanupriya Aggarwal was the first test tube baby in India to be born on October 3, 1978 by the first physician in India Dr. Subhash Mukherjee who had created a history for the success of the first test tube baby and by the In Vitro Fertilization Procedure to be used so as to form the Indian History of first test tube baby and then becomes the unforgotten doctor of Kolkata, West Bengal and then the whole country (INDIA). It takes him around 8 years for this invention of test tube baby.
Durga was the second test tube baby born just after 67 days of the first one and also, by the birth of Marie Louise Brown in England.
Also, on the 25th birthday of India’s first test tube baby on October 3, 2003, ICMR organized a function and opened a fertility clinic in Bangalore and the due was received by Dr. Subhash Mukherjee by the scientific community.
IN VITRO FERTILIZATION
In Vitro Fertilization is a method to reproduce by some special arrangements to make them reproduce and turns into embryo and referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by taking eggs and sperms sample and then manually combining eggs and sperms to fertilize further. The embryo is then transferred to the uterus to form a child further in the mother’s womb.
WHAT IS THE NEED OF IVF?
- Due to damaged or blocked fallopian tubes of the woman’s couple or due to Male Infertility.
- Low sperm count in males.
- Women who had removed their fallopian tubes.
- Genetic disorder may be a factor in this respect.
- Unexplained Infertility.
- Woman having some disorders.
PROCESS OF IVF
Step 1: Some fertility injections are prescribed before the process of egg production. Process involves many more eggs to be produced as some eggs are of no use at the process of fertilization. An ultrasound is being conducted to check the level of working of ovaries and at the same time, a blood test is being prescribed.
Step 2: The next step is egg retrieval by using a hollow needle and a minor surgery is being conducted for this procedure. Proper medication is being provided to reduce discomfort.
Step 3: The male is to provide a sample of sperms which is being produced for eggs to fertilized.
Step 4: Then the next step is insemination process in which the sperm and eggs are mixed together for fertilization. In some cases where fertilization is in lower chances of success then doctors recommend Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this procedure, the sperm is directly mixed into the egg in an attempt to achieve fertilization. The fertilization process is being monitored by the doctors until it is ready for fertilization. Once this procedure happens successfully the matured eggs are considered as embryos.
Step 5: After fertilization process the embryo is transferred in the woman’s uterus within 3 to 5 days so form a baby. An embryo is transferred in woman’s body through a tube. The process is painless for most of the women, but some have little pain to be faced during the whole process.
ADVANTAGES OF IVF
- The first and the foremost use of the process called IVF is that for couples with infertility problems facing can be helpful for making woman to be pregnant.
- Secondly, it is helpful for women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes and men with low sperm count.
- The third advantage is that the couples have a choice whether they are using donor’s eggs as the woman facing some problem in producing her own.
- The last but not the least advantage of IVF treatment is that it can reduce surgery on woman’s fallopian tubes. It can be estimated that it can reduce by about 50% now a days.
DISADVANTAGES OF IVF
- The most basic disadvantage is the cost, but as the child is priceless what else to think of cost is of no use. As many think that the success rate is only 30%.
- A second disadvantage is of many births. Five Percent of the time, it can be seen that women undergoing the in vitro fertilization process, give birth to more than one child. Only expecting to have one child but having more than one is a shocking experience most couples have. However, if properly monitored this cannot happen.
- The last disadvantage involves ethical morals. Many times, not all the fertilized eggs are being used. It can get very controversial for people who are pro-life and could lead to outrage.
NOW THE MAIN QUESTION ARRISES WHAT IS THE COSTING?
Basically, all of them needs child to be a part of a family member and generation to be upgraded so there is no price for a child as the child is priceless and the priceless means happiness for all the persons as needed by all the married couples to be a necessary and compulsory part of the family so what if it is just USD 2,999 for your family happiness and brings the complete, happy and proud family to be generated.
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